2.1 Adobe Reader
Adobe Reader is the most popular program in the world for viewing, creating, managing and manipulating PDF (Portable Document Format) files. It is the standard that all other PDF readers are judged against. Publically released in 1993, Adobe Reader was originally priced at $50 per user before Adobe separated its product range to offer Adobe Reader freeware and their professional Adobe Acrobat versions. PDF became the file format of choice for businesses thanks to its cross platform flexibility and security capabilities.
Adobe Reader is the free, trusted leader for reliably viewing and interacting with PDF documents across platforms and devices. Install the free Adobe Reader mobile app to work with PDF documents on your iPad, iPhone, and iPod touch. Easily access, manage, and share a wide variety of PDF types, including PDF Portfolios, password-protected
Adobe Reader’s UI is simple and intuitive. Classic tools (text selection, zoom, snapshots, find, etc.) can be accessed from the top navigation menu and buttons. The latest version also includes advanced Tools (create, export, send and store options), Sign and Comment features. You can share iterations, comments and signatures by email or using the Adobe SendNow service.
Adobe Reader XI is the safest version Adobe have released. This is mainly due the new Protected Mode which loads potentially hazardous items and code in a sandboxed area, isolated from the rest of your system.
There have been some criticisms over Adobe Reader’s speed compared to other lightweight PDF readers. It’s true; Adobe Reader does have more plugins and extensions than most PDF readers which can slow operation. That being said the difference for the average user is negligible and those add-ons can be disabled if they are not required. In terms of general operation, Adobe Reader renders documents with high detail and true colour reproduction quickly. Later editions have also had work done to improve Adobe Reader’s impact on memory usage so you should find multitasking takes less strain on your system.
Siri // is an intelligent personal assistant and knowledge navigator which works as an application for Apple Inc.'s iOS. The application uses anatural language user interface to answer questions, make recommendations, and perform actions by delegating requests to a set of Web services. Apple claims that the software adapts to the user's individual preferences over time and personalizes results. The name Siri is Norwegian, meaning "beautiful woman who leads you to victory", and comes from the intended name for the original developer's first child.
Siri was originally introduced as an iOS application available in the App Store by Siri, Inc., which was acquired by Apple on April 28, 2010. Siri, Inc. had announced that their software would be available for BlackBerry and for phones running Android, but all development efforts for non-Apple platforms were cancelled after the acquisition by Apple.
Siri has been an integral part of iOS since iOS 5 and was introduced as a feature of the iPhone 4S. Siri was added to the iPad (third generation)with the release of iOS 6, and has been included on all iOS devices since Fall 2012.
Siri was launched first as an application available on Apple's App Store in the United States. It integrated with services such as
OpenTable, Google Maps, MovieTickets and TaxiMagic. Using voice recognition technology from Nuance and their service partners, users could make reservations at specific restaurants, buy movie tickets or get a cab by dictating instructions in natural language to Siri. Siri was acquired by Apple on April 28, 2010, and the original application ceased to function on October 14, 2011.
2.3 Bing Translator
Bing Translator (previously Live Search Translator and Windows Live Translator) is a user facing translation portal provided by Microsoft as part of its Bing services to translate texts or entire web pages into different languages. All translation pairs are powered by the Microsoft Translator statistical machine translation platform and web service, developed by Microsoft Research, as its backend translation software. Two transliteration pairs (between Chinese Traditional and Chinese Simplified) are provided by Microsoft's Windows International team.
In addition to standard text and web page translation, Bing Translator includes several additional features:
- When translating an entire web page, or when the user selects "Translate this page" in Bing search results, the Bilingual Viewer will be shown, which allows users to browse the original web page text and translation in parallel, supported by synchronized highlights, scrolling, and navigation
- Four Bilingual Viewer layouts are available:
- Side by side
- Top and bottom
- Original with hover translation
- Translation with hover original
- Website owners can add a translation widget to their website for translating it into other languages supported by Bing Translator; this is done by inserting an HTML code snippet on the web page
- Any-to-Any language translation pairs
- Automatically detect the language of the text or website being translated
- Ability to easily reverse the translation direction
- The user can play back a spoken version of the translation through text-to-speech (not supported in every language)